A systemic perspective on children’s well-being in military families in different countries

Kairi Kasearu, Ann-Margreth E. Olsson

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Introduction: Children are influenced by different environments – home, friends, school, community, society, and the existence and availability of various services – and child well-being is the outcome of the interrelationships between the child and these environments. The military is one of the environments that shapes the well-being of children in military families, and the environments interact with each other. Methods: Our main assumption is that the effect of military environment on child well-being may vary in different societies depending on the general social security system. We describe how the military children’s well-being is embedded in military systems, which in turn is embedded in welfare state. The main question is how the well-being of children from military families varies across countries and how much variation can be explained by the interplay between military systems and different welfare regimes. Results: We begin by describing the differences in welfare states and military systems, and then give a short overview of children’s well-being in the context of different welfare regimes (e.g., availability of public child care, health care, and access to education and extracurricular activities). Discussion: Next, we look at the interplay between the military and welfare regimes and, finally, we show how the well-being of military children is supported across countries by their different welfare regimes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-96
Number of pages17
JournalJMVFH Journal of military, veteran and familiy health
Issue numberS2
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Medical and Health Sciences (3)
  • Social Sciences (5)


  • NATO
  • military environment
  • military families
  • welfare regime
  • welfare state
  • well-being of military children


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