Att bli en skolelev: en diskursanalytisk studie om meningskapande av barn i behov av särskilt stöd i elevhälsan

Catarina Grahm

Research output: Other contribution

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Abstract

The study is a discourse analytical study on the creation of the meaning of children in need of special support in school health service. The purpose of the study is to find the creation of meaning that takes place around the concept of children in need of special support in a social practice such as student health service. The study focuses on the statements claiming the truth in what contexts they are incorporated. In addition, the purpose is also is to make the prevailing discourses in student health service visible and to define the existing power relationships. The respondents for this study are professionals in a student health team in a preschool/elementary school, and the team is operating in grades 7-9. The team contains two special education teachers, school counselor, psychologist, school nurse, guidance counselor and it is leaded by the principal. The results have been analyzed based on a stepwise process from the level of detail to an overall structure in four steps. The results show that the creation of meaning of children in need of special support can be divided into four discourses: models of explanation for deviation, to be treated, preparation for action, and ‘we and the others’. The discourses overlap each other and are interdependent, are flowing and breaking into each other and thus influencing each other. The joint construct of discourses are how the child should be normalized to what constitutes the norm. These discourses are therefore interdependent and affect the creation of meaning of children in need of special support. The discourse ‘we and the others’ also exerts on a normalizing effect on the student, through the power given the student health professionals in defining the difference, and thus being considered having the answers, while those being outside are in need of the answers in order to be able to treat the student. The official power consists of educational policy directives, in the form of policy documents and legal texts, and hence defining the norm. ,

Original languageSwedish
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Educational Sciences (503)

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