Cardiovascular risk factors in relation to dietary patterns in 50-year-old men and women: a feasibility study of a short FFQ

Christina E Persson, Elisabet Rothenberg, Per-Olof Hansson, Catharina Welin, Elisabeth Strandhagen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the feasibility of a simple new fifteen-item FFQ as a tool for screening risk of poor dietary patterns in a healthy middle-aged population and to investigate how the results of the FFQ correlated with cardiovascular risk factors and socio-economic factors.

DESIGN: A randomized population-based cross-sectional study. Metabolic measurements for cardiovascular risk factors and information about lifestyle were collected. A fifteen-item FFQ was created to obtain information about dietary patterns. From the FFQ, a healthy eating index was created with three dietary groups: good, average and poor. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess relationships between dietary patterns and cardiovascular risk factors.

SETTING: Sweden.

SUBJECTS: Men and women aged 50 years and living in Gothenburg, Sweden.

RESULTS: In total, 521 middle-aged adults (257 men, 264 women) were examined. With good dietary pattern as the reference, there was a gradient association of having obesity, hypertension and high serum TAG in those with average and poor dietary patterns. After adjustment for education and lifestyle factors, individuals with a poor dietary pattern still had significantly higher risk (OR; 95 % CI) of obesity (2·33; 1·10, 4·94), hypertension (2·73; 1·44, 5·20) and high serum TAG (2·62; 1·33, 5·14) compared with those with a good dietary pattern.

CONCLUSIONS: Baseline data collected by a short FFQ can predict cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged Swedish men and women. The FFQ could be a useful tool in health-care settings, when screening for risk of poor dietary patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)645-653
Number of pages8
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Nutrition and Dietetics (30304)


  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Dietary patterns
  • FFQ
  • Screening


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