Families' importance in nursing care: nurses' attitudes - an instrument development

Eva Benzein, Pauline Johansson, Kristofer Franzén Årestedt, Agneta Berg, Britt-Inger Saveman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    58 Citations (Scopus)


    This article describes the development and testing of a research instrument, Families' Importance in Nursing Care-Nurses' Attitudes (FINC-NA), designed to measure nurses' attitudes about the importance of involving families in nursing care. The instrument was inductively developed from a literature review and tested with a sample of Swedish nurses. An item-total correlation and a first principal component analysis were used to validate the final instrument, including a second principal component analysis to analyze dimensionality, and Cronbach's alpha was used to estimate internal consistency. The instrument consists of 26 items and reveals four factors: families as a resource in nursing care, family as a conversational partner, family as a burden, and family as its own resource. Cronbach's alpha was 0.88 for the total instrument and 0.69 to 0.80 for the subscales. The instrument requires further testing with other nurse populations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)97-117
    Number of pages20
    JournalJournal of Family Nursing
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Nursing (30305)
    • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (50901)


    • Attitudes
    • family nursing
    • instrument development
    • nurses


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