How do implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease?

Stefan Renvert, Ioannis Polyzois, Noel Claffey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    101 Citations (Scopus)


    Objectives To review the literature on how implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease. Material and Methods A search of PubMed and The Cochrane Library of the Cochrane Collaboration (CENTRAL) as well as a hand search of articles were conducted. Publications and articles accepted for publication up to March 2010 were included. Results Thirteen studies were selected for the review. Human studies: To date, few studies have investigated if such differences occur. Limited data suggest that smooth surfaces may be less affected by peri-implantitis than rough surface implants. Animal studies: In ligature-induced peri-implantitis studies, no difference between surfaces has been reported. In a spontaneous progression model of peri-implantitis, there was a suggestion that the progression was more pronounced at implants with a porous anodized surface. Conclusion The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on how implant surfaces influence peri-implant disease. Based on the limited data available, there is no evidence that implant surface characteristics can have a significant effect on the initiation of peri-implantitis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)214-222
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Dentistry (30216)


    • abutment interface
    • bacterial-colonization
    • biologic width
    • bone loss
    • dental implant
    • disease progression
    • follow-up
    • hydroxyapatite-coated implants
    • in-vitro
    • peri-implantitis
    • progression
    • spontaneous
    • surface characteristics
    • titanium implants


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