Immediate increase in perceived energy after exercise during the course of chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer

Anna Johansson, Katarina Sjövall, Ingrid Demmelmaier, Philippe Wagner, Håkan Olsson, Åsa B Tornberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose
Exercise during chemotherapy has beneficial long-term effects on women with breast cancer, but short-term beneficial changes have been less investigated. Though short-term changes may be important as a encouraging factor, this study aimed to investigate immediate changes in self-reported energy, stress, nausea and pain following a single exercise session during chemotherapy.

Methods
Forty-six women who were exercising while undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer were included between October 2016 and April 2018. Self-reported energy and stress were assessed before, immediately after and 3 h after exercise sessions by the Stress-Energy Questionnaire. On the same questionnaire nausea and pain were assessed by a Visual Analog Scale. The measurements were completed at four time points during cycles 2 and 5 of the 6-cycle chemotherapy course.

Results
Energy level increased immediately after a single exercise session for three out of four periods during the chemotherapy course (p < 0.01), with a larger increase when energy was lower before the session (p < 0.01). Three hours after the exercise session, the energy was about the same level as before the exercise session. Stress decreased immediately after the session during cycle two (p < 0.01) but not cycle five. There were no changes in nausea or pain.

Conclusions
Patients undergoing chemotherapy should be informed not only about the long-term advantages of exercise, but also immediate benefits in terms of increased energy. The energy increase both while exercise in the beginning and toward the end of the chemotherapy course, this short-term advantageous consequence may strengthen patients’ motivation to exercise. Clinicians should also inform patients that exercise does not seem to worsen nausea and pain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102149
Pages (from-to)1-7
JournalEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022-May-11
Externally publishedYes

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Medical and Health Sciences (3)
  • Health Sciences (303)

Keywords

  • acute exercise
  • breast neoplasms
  • exercise
  • chemotherapy

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Immediate increase in perceived energy after exercise during the course of chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this