Laboratory study of the influence of water temperature and pH on Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis efficacy against black fly larvae (Diptera: Simuliidae)

Jean O. Lacoursière, G Charpentier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An experimental formulation of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis was used in the laboratory to assess the influence of water temperature and pH on the relationship between concentration, duration of exposure, and mortality of the northern black fly species Simulium decorum and Prosimulium mixtum/fuscum group. Mortality increases in both species with increases in duration of exposure, concentration, temperature and pH. Onset of death is shortened by increase in concentration and temperature. As temperature rises, the concentration of B. t. i required to induce mortality decreases; the sharpest decline occurring between 12 and 18 degree C for S. decorum , and between 4 and 8 degree C for P. mixtum/fuscum larvae. Lower pH induces a loss of efficacy of the B. t. i. formulation on S. decorum larvae at 4 and 12 degree C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-72
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Volume4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Microbiology (10606)

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