Long-term sustained autoimmune response to beta cell specific zinc transporter (ZnT8, W, R, Q) in young adult patients with preserved beta cell function at diagnosis of diabetes

Sofie Ingemansson, Fariba Vaziri-Sani, Ulf Lindblad, Soffia Gudbjornsdottir, Carina Törn

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine whether autoantibodies to: ZnT8-Tryptophan (ZnT8WA), ZnT8-Arginine (ZnT8RA) or ZnT8-Glutamine (ZnT8QA) correlated with C-peptide or other autoantibodies and to assess diagnostic sensitivity of ZnT8WRQA. Specimens from 270 newly diagnosed diabetic subjects (age 15-34 years) and after 5 years duration of disease were examined. Four linear regression models were used to dissect the importance of different factors from diagnosis for the respective difference of (logZnT8WA), (logZnT8RA) and (logZnT8QA); A) unadjusted model for: initial C-peptide, age, BMI, gender, clinical classification, ICA, GADA, IA-2A, (ZnT8WA/ZnT8RA/ZnT8QA); B) C-peptide corrected for clinical factors; C) C-peptide corrected for autoantibodies; D) C-peptide corrected for all factors. The least decrease of ZnT8WA was observed in patients with high initial C-peptide in all models A) p = 0.054; B) p = 0.021; C) p = 0.047 and D) p = 0.017. A less statistically significant decrease of ZnT8RA was observed in patients with high initial C-peptide in A) p = 0.038 and C) p = 0.047, but this finding was not confirmed in B or D. The decrease of ZnT8QA levels was not related to C-peptide in any model but correlated to age D) p = 0.049. Furthermore, patients with unclassifiable diabetes showed the least decrease in D) p = 0.035. ZnT8WA, ZnT8RA or ZnT8QA were identified as a single autoantibody in 3.8% (10/266) of patients, thereby increasing diagnostic sensitivity from 79.3% (211/266) to 83.1% (221/266). In conclusion, high initial C-peptide was the most important factor even after adjusting for other factors in patients positive for ZnT8WA or ZnT8RA to remain autoantibody positive 5 years after diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-61
Number of pages11
JournalAutoimmunity
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Cell and Molecular Biology (30108)
  • Immunology in the medical area (30110)

Keywords

  • C-peptide
  • Generalized Linear Regression Model
  • glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies
  • islet antigen-2 autoantibodies
  • islet cell antibodies

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