Mirror, peephole and video: the role of contiguity in children’s perception of reference in iconic signs

Sara M. Lenninger, Tomas Persson, Joost van der Weijer, Göran Sonesson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study looked at the extent to which 2-year-old children benefited from information conveyed by viewing a hiding event through an opening in a cardboard screen, seeing it as live video, as pre-recorded video, or by way of a mirror. Being encouraged to find the hidden object by selecting one out of two cups, the children successfully picked the baited cup significantly more often when they had viewed the hiding through the opening, or in live video, than when they viewed it in pre-recorded video, or by way of a mirror. All conditions rely on the perception of similarity. The study suggests, however, that contiguity – i.e., the perception of temporal and physical closeness between events – rather than similarity is the principal factor accounting for the results.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Psychology (501)
  • Educational Sciences (503)

Keywords

  • children
  • contiguity
  • indexicality
  • mirror
  • semiotic resource
  • sign use
  • video
  • visual iconic media

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