Occurrence of cases with peri-implant mucositis or peri-implantitis in a 21-26 years follow-up study

Stefan Renvert, Christel Lindahl, Rutger G Persson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: to determine the prevalence and development of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis and to assess risk factors over time.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a longitudinal case series assessing the occurrence and diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

RESULTS: 218/294 patients who had received dental implants between 1988-1992 were examined between 2000-2002 (exam II; 9-14 years after the first exam). At exam III (20-26 years after exam I, on average 23.3 years), 86 individuals were re-examined. The diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis at exam III was 23.8% and 13.7% respectively. Surgical treatment of peri-implantitis after exam II resulted in a bone gain for 2/12 individuals. Individuals with ≥ 3 implants at exam II were at risk for peri-implantitis at exam III (χ2=7.9, p <0.01, LR: 11.6, 95%CI: 1.5, 92.5, p < 0.01). A history of periodontitis (p=0.07), a diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis (p =0.77), or smoking (p=0.86) at exam II, were not predictive of peri-implantitis at exam III.

CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis and occurrence of peri-implantitis and peri-implant mucositis was high. Healthy conditions at implants after 9-14 years were predictive of future implant health. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-240
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Dentistry (30216)

Keywords

  • Prevalence
  • human
  • peri-implant mucositis
  • peri-implantitis
  • risk- factors

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Occurrence of cases with peri-implant mucositis or peri-implantitis in a 21-26 years follow-up study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this