Own-other differences in the realism of some metacognitive judgments

Marcus Johansson, Carl Martin Allwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The present study investigated differences in judgments of one’s own and others’ knowledge (the own-other difference). Consistent with the below-average effect (e.g., Kruger, 1999), our main results showed that the participants gave lower knowledge ratings of their own extent of knowledge than of another person’s extent of knowledge (Experiment 1). Furthermore, lower and more realistic judgments were found when the participants judged their own as compared with when judging another person’s overall accuracy (frequency judgments) of answering knowledge questions correctly (Experiment 1 and 2). On the basis of these results it is argued that judgmental anchoring may be important also in the context of indirect comparisons, and that previous conclusions of cross-cultural psychology regarding the above-average effect may be oversimplified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Applied Psychology (50102)
  • Psychology (50101)


  • Realism
  • confidence judgments
  • frequency judgments
  • metacognition
  • social influence


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