Peri-implant health, peri-implant mucositis, and peri-implantitis: case definitions and diagnostic considerations

Stefan Renvert, Rutger G Persson, Flavia Q Pirih, Paulo M Camargo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this review is to identify case definitions and clinical criteria of peri-implant healthy tissues, peri-implant mucositis, and peri-implantitis. The case definitions were constructed based on a review of the evidence applicable for diagnostic considerations. In summary, the diagnostic definition of peri-implant health is based on the following criteria: 1) absence of peri-implant signs of soft tissue inflammation (redness, swelling, profuse bleeding on probing), and 2) the absence of further additional bone loss following initial healing. The diagnostic definition of peri-implant mucositis is based on following criteria: 1) presence of peri-implant signs of inflammation (redness, swelling, line or drop of bleeding within 30 seconds following probing), combined with 2) no additional bone loss following initial healing. The clinical definition of peri-implantitis is based on following criteria: 1) presence of peri-implant signs of inflammation, 2) radiographic evidence of bone loss following initial healing, and 3) increasing probing depth as compared to probing depth values collected after placement of the prosthetic reconstruction. In the absence of previous radiographs, radiographic bone level ≥3 mm in combination with BOP and probing depths ≥6 mm is indicative of peri-implantitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-285
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume45 Suppl 20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Dentistry (30216)

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • peri-implant health
  • peri-implant mucositis
  • peri-implantitis

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