Risk indicators for peri-implant mucositis: a systematic literature review

Stefan Renvert, Ioannis Polyzois

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)



To examine the existing evidence in identifying risk indicators in the aetiology of peri-implant mucositis.

Material and methods

A search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science (WOS) and The Cochrane Library databases for articles published until June 2014.


This search gave 3135 results out of which 15 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on risk indicators for the development of peri-implant mucositis. Based on the data available, there is evidence that plaque is a risk indicator for peri-implant mucositis. Smoking has also been identified as an independent risk indicator whereas the overall evidence for surface roughness, residual cement, the dimension of the keratinized tissue and time of implant in function is weak. There are limited data available to support systemic conditions as risk indicators for peri-implant mucositis.


Plaque accumulation at implants will result in development of peri-implant mucositis. Smoking should also be considered as a risk indicator for the development of peri-implant mucositis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-186
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Dentistry (30216)


  • Peri-implant mucositis
  • plaque
  • risk indicators
  • smoking


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