Self-perceived life satisfaction during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden: a cross-sectional study

Christina Brogårdh, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Frida Eek, Kjerstin Stigmar, Ingrid Lindgren, Anna Trulsson Schouenborg, Eva Ekvall Hansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Currently, there is limited knowledge on how the Swedish strategy with more lenient public health restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic has influenced people's life satisfaction. Here, we investigated self-reported life satisfaction during the first wave of the pandemic in Sweden, and perceived changes in life satisfaction in relation to various sociodemographic factors. A total of 1082 people (mean age 48 (SD 12.2); 82% women) responded to an online survey during autumn 2020 including the "Life Satisfaction Questionnaire-11". A majority (69%) were satisfied with life as a whole, and with other important life domains, with the exception of contact with friends and sexual life. An equal share reported that life as a whole had either deteriorated (28%) or improved (29%). Of those that perceived a deterioration, 95% considered it to be due to the pandemic. Regarding deteriorated satisfaction with life as a whole, higher odds were found in the following groups: having no children living at home; being middle aged; having other sources of income than being employed; and having a chronic disease. The Swedish strategy might have contributed to the high proportion of satisfied people. Those who perceived a deterioration in life satisfaction may, however, need attention from Swedish Welfare Authorities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6234
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology (30302)


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • health
  • life satisfaction
  • Health
  • Life satisfaction
  • Pandemics
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Female
  • Sweden/epidemiology


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