Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria in untreated periodontitis.

B Zinsli Fritschi, A Albert-Kiszely, G. Rutger Persson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Whether the subgingival microbiota differ between individuals with chronic and those with aggressive periodontitis, and whether smoking influences bacterial composition, is controversial. We hypothesized that the subgingival microbiota do not differ between sites in individuals with chronic or aggressive periodontitis, or by smoking status. Bacterial counts and proportional distributions were assessed in 84 individuals with chronic periodontitis and 22 with aggressive periodontitis. No differences in probing pocket depth by periodontal status were found (mean, 0.11 mm; 95% CI, 0.6 to 0.8, p = 0.74). Including Staphylococcus aureus, Parvimonas micra, and Prevotella intermedia, 7/40 species were found at higher levels in those with aggressive periodontitis (p < 0.001). Smokers had higher counts of Tannerella forsythia (p < 0.01). The prevalence of S. aureus in non-smokers with aggressive periodontitis was 60.5%. The null hypothesis was rejected, in that P. intermedia, S. aureus, and S. mutans were robust in diagnosing sites in individuals with aggressive periodontitis. S. aureus, S. sanguinis, and T. forsythia differentiated smoking status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-593
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Dentistry (30216)

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