The impact of attending an independent upper secondary school: Evidence from Sweden using school ranking data

Karin Edmark, Lovisa Persson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Since the 1990s, the Swedish education market has gone through a dramatic transformation due to the introduction of voucher-funded independent schools. We make use of data on school applications to condition on student preferences for independent versus public education, and estimate a positive relationship between independent upper secondary school attendance and grades, graduation rates, and post-secondary education. We however also find strong indications of more lenient grading standards in independent schools, especially in schools organized as for-profit entities and in schools with a low share of qualified teachers. Our results suggest that, although independent school attendance seems to benefit the individual students in terms of higher grades and increased transition to post-secondary studies, grade inflation in the Swedish upper secondary independent schools may be a serious problem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102148
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages13
JournalEconomics of Education Review
Volume84
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Pedagogy (50301)
  • Pedagogical Work (50304)
  • Economics (50201)

Keywords

  • Mixed markets
  • Private provision
  • Upper secondary education
  • Voucher school reform

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