The minimal eating observation form – version II (MEOF-II) revisited – validity and reliability

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Background and purpose: The Minimal Eating Observation Form-Version II (MEOF-II) is a screening and research tool for eating difficulties. Here we assess the psychometric properties of the tool. Methods: Cross-sectional MEOF-II data, n = 5,956 persons (nursing home residents [n = 3,087]; in-hospital patients [n = 1,490]; mean age 76.9; 61% women). Data was analyzed taking account of the dichotomous nature of item-level data, that is, based on tetrachoric correlations. Results: The MEOF-II items (n = 9) belonged to one higher order unidimensional factor (61.7% explained variance, omega 0.92), and three lower level factors, with three items each (92.9% explained variance, omega 0.83-0.88): deglutition; ingestion; and energy/appetite. Conclusion: The study provides support for the reliability and validity of the MEOF-II total scale and subscales, and the findings are in line with previous studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-492
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Nursing Measurement
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Health Sciences (303)
  • Probability Theory and Statistics (10106)


  • alpha
  • factor analysis
  • omega
  • principal component analysis
  • tetrachoric


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