Aluntillverkningens betydelse för skogen
: med ett exempel från Andrarums alunbruk i Skåne 1637–1912

Translated title of the thesis: The importance of alum production for the forest: with an example from Andrarums alummill in Skåne 1637 1912
  • Anna Andersson
  • Sanna Andersson

Student thesis: Bachelor

Abstract

Andrarums alummill left a great impression in the surrounding forest. The mill required large resources of wood to be able to process alum slate to alum, which meant that the need for wood resources was big. The area around the alummill was given a mark in the terrain in 1730, with 21 large stones placed along the circular periphery, which is called Verkalinjen. The purpose of the study is to investigate the importance of alum production for the forest inside the Verkalinjen. The focus of the thesis was to study the importance of wood consumption during the years when the mill was active. In addition to a general study for the entire area within the Verkalinjen, the study was delimited to the properties Breabäck, Snärpe, Rugeröd and Nybygget. The method and materials used in the essay are studies of historical map material and analysis of documents belonging to the archive at Christinehof. Maps were rectified and digitized in GIS-ArcMap, inside the Verkalinjen and in the selected research area. The result shows that the forest in the study area has decreased greatly between 1684 and 1704, from having been a forest area, to been transformed into a sparse and thin beech forest. The use of the forest has changed over time and the results show that there was a forest shortage in the study area during the 18th century. In the middle of the 17th century, it is believed that the forest in the Andrarums alummill district will never meet the needs of the mill in the long term and it will be difficult for the forest to recover. Replanting, housekeeping and grazing ban take effect, but despite this, an open and woodless landscape emerges during the 18th century, with elements of small islands of forest. The result also shows that the forest has recovered in the early 1900s and there is then a great variety of trees in the area, with both deciduous and coniferous forests.

Date of Award2020-Apr-03
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorJoachim Regnéll (Supervisor) & Nils-Olof Svensson (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Landscape Science Programme

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences (10599)

Keywords

  • alummill
  • archive document
  • historical maps
  • verkalinjen
  • history of forest
  • history of industry

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