Den sociala nödvändigheten av narkotikabruk
: En kritisk diskursanalys av samhällsdebatter

Translated title of the thesis: The social necessity of illegal drug use: A critical discourse analysis of public debates
  • Sebastian Näsström
  • Camilla Sjöberg

    Student thesis: Bachelor


    This study explores the arguments stated about drug use in public debates, in particular arguments that perpetuate the criminalization of drug use. Even though there aren't any substantial evidence that the criminalization of drug use has had the effect it was intended to have, the Swedish government has stated that they don't intend to evaluate this matter. According to sociologists Èmile Durkheim och Randall Collins there's a social necessity of crime; delinquency is a natural phenomenon in a policy regulated society. Crime reinforces the moral standards within noncriminal individuals by operating as a moral producing idea. Laws, crime and punishment aren't as much about punishing the perpetrator per se, but more about emphasizing and reinforcing social sentiments and solidarity. By using critical discourse analysis - Norman Fairclough's argumentation analysis och dialectical evaluation - this study analyzes arguments from three contemporary public debates, from SVT and Youtube, and tries to explain their moral functions. The result shows that the arguments upholding the criminalization of drug use aren't logical. These arguments reject counterclaims whilst justifying themselves on arbitrary grounds. Moreover, the arguments aren't seemingly based on objectivity regarding the problematizations surrounding the criminalization of drug use and its effects, but seem to primarily enforce the moral and political ideology behind the criminalization itself.

    Date of Award2021-Jun-21
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorJoakim Thelander (Supervisor) & Miguel Inzunza (Examiner)

    Courses and Subjects

    • Criminology

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Social Work (50402)
    • Sociology (504)


    • drug use
    • criminalization
    • decriminalization
    • moral
    • drug policy
    • discourse analysis
    • durkheim

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