Det är som att de inte finns!
En studie om några lärares arbete på gymnasiesärskolans individuella program.

Translated title of the thesis: It´s like they don´t exist: A study of some teachers´ work in the upper secondary school´s individual program.
  • Oscar Lindén

Student thesis: Master, one year


In this thesis I have examined how some teachers in the upper secondary school's individual program perceive and describe their teaching in the subject area of nature and environment for students with multiple and extensive disabilities. The reason why I am interested in this is the dilemma that often arises in my workplace when the subject area plans and knowledge requirements come up. Such questions are about what teachers should teach students and what they will benefit from it in the future. In order to place the study in a larger context, I have delved deeper into previous research on the work with students with multiple and extensive disabilities and on how teachers relate to the curricula. The study has been based on a phenomenographic approach and includes semi-structured interviews and non-participant observations. To analyze the results, I have used the relationship between phenomenography and pragmatism. In essence, the result is about the complexity of being a teacher on the upper secondary school´s individual programs. Especially because of the conflict that arises between what the teachers consider the students schould learn and how they interpret the syllabuses and the value words in them. The feeling is that the students do not exist, as the knowledge requirements are far too high for students with severe disabilities. Above all, the interpretation of the word "participate" in the syllabus makes the teachers feel frustrated with what the students really need to learn. It is also evident from the result that the goal of teaching students with multiple and extensive disabilities is that the students should become as independent as possible and that the teaching focuses on what the students benefit from it in their life after school.

Date of Award2020-Feb-27
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorLotta Andersson (Supervisor) & Carin Roos (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Special Education Teacher Programme

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Pedagogical Work (50304)


  • challenges
  • curriculum
  • education
  • individual program
  • severe disabilities
  • upper secondary school for students with intellectual disabilities

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