Ekologiska kompensationspooler: Är konceptet förenligt med sociala värden?
En kommuninriktad studie

Translated title of the thesis: Ecological compensation pools: is the concept compatible with social values? A municipally focused study
  • Frida Johansson

Student thesis: Bachelor

Abstract

Ecological compensation is a tool that can be used to protect or recreate nature that is damaged by exploitation. The lack of suitable, available land is a dilemma many often face; inefficient processes are another. One solution to this can be compensation pools – a concept where landowners set aside land and create ecological values that are then sold to those who need to compensate. The disadvantage may be that the area is often far away, which opposes the general principle of compensating as close to the area of exploitation as possible. Although compensation through a compensation pool can advantageously be done in a landscape perspective, the local social values risk being lost to the people living in the area of exploitation.
The government investigation on ecological compensation (SOU 2017:34) proposes, among other things, experimental activities with compensation pools. This study focuses on two questions: 1) What is written in the municipal referral responses about compensation pools and social values? and 2) what do local officials think about this topic? The first question is answered by a content analysis and the second by in-depth interviews. The result shows a spread in opinions, which can possibly be explained by the fact that the municipalities have different ways of working with compensation. Whether the concept of compensation pools is compatible with social values or not cannot be said with an accuracy, but it is likely to be difficult given the distance between the area of exploitation and the place of compensation. This problem might be solved by dividing the compensation of social and ecological values, where social values are compensated at a local rather than a regional level.
Date of Award2022-Jun
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorIngemar Jönsson (Supervisor) & Thomas Beery (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Landscape Science Programme

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Landscape Architecture (40108)

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