"Eleverna är ju fantastiska!" - en fokusgruppsstudie om specifikt stärkande resurser för lärare

  • Harriet Persson

    Student thesis: Master, one year


    Background Research on teachers' work situation has mostly been based on the pathogenic approach and has identified problems and risk factors. Therefore, more salutogenic research is needed that emphasizes the health promoting factors and highlights, and provides a basis for developing good practices to facilitate the work and thereby improve the health and welfare of teachers at work.


    Purpose The aim of this study was to identify work-related factors and processes that teachers perceive as strengthening and health promoting on the basis of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) theory.


    Methods Three focus group interviews were conducted with a total of ten teachers, one in a secondary school and two in a primary school in southern Sweden, A deductive content analysis was made with the Sense of Coherence theory as an analytical matrix.


    Results Work-related Specific Enhancing Resources for teachers were identified and analysed into the three components of the SOC theory: comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. Meaningfulness is built into teachers' commission. Comprehensibility in the teaching profession could be about having the time and opportunity for reflection during the work day, to get feedback from pupils, colleagues and the headmaster, and to have enough information, to understand their own role in the organization. For the work to be manageable, teachers need support in the form of various physical and human resources. Expectations of what is included in the work assignment must be clear and there have to be opportunities for learning and participation in decision-making in the organization. If the work situation can be made comprehensible and manageable, the teachers’ work can be sustainable.


    Conclusions Better understanding and increased awareness of specific strengthening resources at work could help teachers to recognize and appreciate (savor) positive experiences and positive stress (eustress) more easily and also strengthen their sense of coherence. This study shows how work-related resources can be identified, understood and developed using the Sense of Coherence theory. The specific enhancing resources for teachers that are presented in this study can form the basis for discussions of work-related resources that contribute to a sense of coherence and can also be used in health promotion in educational settings.

    Date of Award2013-Apr-23
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorPetra Nilsson Lindström (Supervisor) & Ingemar Andersson (Examiner)

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Medical and Health Sciences (3)


    • sense of coherence
    • specific enhancing resources
    • teachers
    • workplace health promotion

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