Elevers berättelser om lärares relationskompetens
: ett specialpedagogiskt perspektiv

Translated title of the thesis: Students' stories about teachers' relationship competence: a special education perspective
  • Annika Cederlund

Student thesis: Master, two years


The purpose of the study is to make visible students´ stories about teachers working methods for building trusting relationships with students with a focus on students with ADHD, contributing with development opportunities in the special education field within teachers' relationship competence. The questions that form the basis of the study are: How do students with ADHD describe a skilled teacher? What do students with ADHD describe in terms of teachers' ability to create trusting relationships with their students? Semi-structured interviews of eleven high school students, all with ADHD diagnosis. “Relational Competence Model”, RCM- model has been used where teachers' relational competence is divided into the parts communicative, differentiation and socio-emotional competence. The results show that all informants describe that a skilled teacher is good at creating relationships with their students and that there has been a teacher with whom they have had particularly close contact. Furthermore, a skilled teacher makes the subject interesting, is good at listening and understanding, is good at explaining, as well as providing individual support and feedback. The results clearly show the informants have a good insight and thoughts about the skilled teacher. Teachers' relational competence can be described by the informants by giving plenty of practical examples in all three subcomponents. In their descriptions, they express the following about teachers: Teachers are clear, adapt, speak calmly, are good at explaining, have good treatment, are trained in disability. Teachers works actively to get to know students through spontaneous conversations, that they are listening, humble, understanding and caring about, as well as being personal and human. The result can be used to help develop teachers’ relationship competence.
Date of Award2022-Jun
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorDaniel Östlund (Supervisor), Anette Emilson (Assessor) & Anette Emilson (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Masterprogram i utbildningsvetenskap

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Pedagogical Work (50304)


  • ADHD
  • student perspective
  • student with ADHD
  • teacher characteristics
  • teacher relationship competence
  • teacher-student relationship
  • special education perspective

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