The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of gingivitis, periodontitis and dental caries in individuals with type 2 – diabetes. The study was conducted in a form of a general literature review with the restricted to the following conditions: human studies, English, and articles published between 2007 - 2012. Articles lacking a control group were excluded. The data were collected through searches of the medical database PubMed. A compilation of 11 scientific articles was examined.
In individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2, the presence of gingivitis was identified in 3 articles, periodontitis in 10, and dental caries in 3 articles. The 3 articles that showed presence of gingivitis demonstrated that individuals with type 2 – diabetes had a higher prevalence of gingivitis compared to non-diabetic individuals. A higher prevalence of periodontitis in individuals with type 2 – diabetes mellitus was found in 10/10 publications. Theses studies demonstrated in individuals with type 2 – a significantly higher incidence of deep pocket depths, attachment loss, recession defects and with higher plaque and gingival index scores. The three articles that showed the presence of dental caries also demonstrated a higher prevalence of dental caries in individuals with type 2 – diabetes mellitus.
The articles included in the literature study showed statistically significant higher prevalence of gingivitis, periodontitis, and dental caries in individuals with type 2 – diabetes mellitus than in individuals without a diagnosis of diabetes.
Keywords: Type 2 – Diabetes, Gingivitis, Periodontitis and Dental Caries
|Date of Award||2013-Jan-07|
|Supervisor||Seida Erovic Ademovski (Supervisor) & Pia Andersson (Examiner)|
- Study Programme in Oral Health
- 15 HE credits
Swedish Standard Keywords
- Dentistry (30216)