Förhållningssätt gentemot patienter med HIV
: En litteraturstudie ur sjuksköterskans och sjuksköterskestudentens perspektiv

Translated title of the thesis: Approach towards patients with HIV: A literature review according to the perspective of the nurse and the nursing student
  • Anna Björk
  • Caroline Svensson

    Student thesis: Bachelor

    Abstract

    Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has developed into a global epidemic. HIV is characterized by thoughts, views and attitudes which makes it difficult to live with the disease. It is previously shown that patients with HIV have experienced negative attitude´s of nurses, which prevents a good relationship. The approach, performed by the nurse and the nursing student, and a good relationship is vital to a patients health and wellbeing. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe factors that influenced the nurse and the nursing student approach towards patients with HIV. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review based on qualitative and quantitative scientific original articles. Results: The study showed that knowledge, attitudes and feelings were factors which affected the nurse and nursing student approach towards patients with HIV. Conclusion: A negative attitude, and a fear of becoming infected, influenced the approach negatively. However, feelings of empathy and compassion affected the approach and the relationship between them in a positive direction. The level of knowledge the nurse and the nursing student had was the source for their apporach. A wider knowledge is thus the way to a better approach and thus good health care.

    Date of Award2012-Aug-06
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorBritta-Lena Engström (Supervisor) & Inga-Britt Lindh (Examiner)

    Educational program

    • Study Programme in Nursing

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Nursing (30305)

    Keywords

    • nurse
    • nursing student
    • approach
    • hiv
    • literature review

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