Framgångsfaktorer i undervisningen
: ur ett specialpedagog-, lärar- och elevperspektiv

Translated title of the thesis: Key success factors in teaching: – From a special educator, teacher and pupil perspective
  • Pernilla Andersson
  • Sandra Lindsjö

Student thesis: Master, one year


The purpose of this study is to identify the key success factors in teaching, from a special educator, teacher and pupil perspective. How can leadership and stimulation at a group level be applied in order to avoid excessive personalized adaptations at an individual level? Based on the purpose of the study, three questions have been formulated; What do the pupils consider to be beneficial in the education they get? What do special educators and teachers consider to be beneficial in the education they conduct? What special educational perspectives emerge with the pupils in mind? The chosen method is qualitative interviews with three teachers, three special educators and three focus groups with five pupils in each. The theoretical perspective this study is based on is the sociocultural perspective using Vygotskijs’ focus on relationship and teamwork. The study is also based on the special educational perspective, the relational perspective and the categorical perspective. The result shows that there are several success factors when it comes to teaching methods and planning. , teachers and special educators identify the same factors to be critical in order to achieve the required educational proficiency. Visual aids, learning concepts, different support structures, and collaboration are some of the main factors identified. The result also shows that the relationship between the teacher and the pupil is key when it comes to learning and development. A good relationship creates safety, increases students’ self-confidence and generates a sense of belonging. This environment creates a better foundation for the pupils’ learning.

Date of Award2020-Jul-06
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorCatarina Grahm (Supervisor) & Daniel Östlund (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Special Education Programme

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Pedagogical Work (50304)


  • special education
  • inclusive education
  • relationships
  • success factors
  • relational perspective
  • sociocultural perspective

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