Hälsan ökar med socioekonomisk status
: en undersökning om relationen mellan östgötarnas livsstil och deras socioekonomiska status

Translated title of the thesis: Health increases with socioeconomic status: a study about the relationship between ostgotarnas lifestyle and their socioeconomic status
  • Malin Malm
  • Lisa Mikiver

    Student thesis: Bachelor

    Abstract

    A healthy lifestyle is a prerequisite to a good public health among populations. Lifestyle habits such as smoking, alcohol use and physical activity are different among groups in populations depending on income, education and occupation. Thus, there are disparities in health between different socioeconomic groups in communities. Previous studies have shown that groups with lower socioeconomic status tend to live unhealthy lifestyles. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between ostgotarnas lifestyle and socioeconomic status. The method of data collection was through already existing data from the survey “Ostgotens halsa 2006”. “Ostgotens halsa 2006” was designed by the National Public Health Centre in Ostergotland County Council. A total of 7 238 individuals answered the questionnaire. The participants was selected through a stratified random sample from the total population of 315 185 people, aged 18-84 years. A total of 54, 3 percent responded. The results mainly showed that those with higher socioeconomic status were healthier than those with lower socioeconomic status, and that those with higher economy and higher education was drinking more often than those with lower economy and lower education. Respondents with higher economy experienced a higher degree of well-being in different contexts such as employment and social fellowship. The results also showed that those with higher economy more often were happy, less depressed and anxious than those with lower economy. The conclusion was to engage in health promotion from both a pathogenic and salutogenic perspective in order to achieve a healthy population. Resources should primarily focus on motivating and creating opportunities for individuals to make a behavioral change and also to promote healthy lifestyles in early ages.

    Date of Award2013-May-15
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorAlli Klapp (Supervisor), Göran Ejlertsson (Supervisor), Ingemar Andersson (Examiner) & Bo Nilsson (Examiner)

    Educational program

    • Study Programme in Health Promotion and Education

    University credits

    • 30 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology (30302)

    Keywords

    • behavioural change
    • health promotion
    • lifestyle
    • public health
    • socioekonomic status

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