Glycated hemoglobin, HbA1c, is an indication of average long-term glucose. HbA1c is used as a diagnostic method for diabetes but also as a follow-up for diagnosed diabetics. Follow-ups shows how well a diabetic relates to diet but also medication. The information of the patient's HbA1c value plays an important factor in further treatments. The analysis method for HbA1c is not standardized, which has resulted in several analysis methods developed for HbA1c.
The purposes of this study were to investigate whether an enzymatic, Direct enzymatic HbA1c or immunological assay method, Hemoglobin A1c, can solve the problem of hemoglobin variations in the analysis of HbA1c, which is currently analyzed by HPLC as a routine at the clinical chemistry laboratory in Västerås
The implementation was performed on two instruments, TOSOH G7 and AU 680. The values from TOSOH (HPLC) were used for comparison of the two analysis methods applied on the AU680. Preparation and treatment, such as hemolysis, occurred before putting the samples into the AU680 instrument.
The result showed that the Hemoglobin A1c assay method was well-matched with HPLC assay (R2 = 0.98) in comparison to that of the Direct enzymatic HbA1c assay method (R2 = 0.86). Similar results could be observed for Hemoglobin A1c (R2 = 0.98) and Direct Enzyme HbA1c (R2 = 0.95) when only samples from patients with hemoglobin variants were analyzed (n=10). Solely analysis of hemoglobin variants with Hemoglobin A1c showed a boundary case for a significant difference compared to HPLC analysis (P = 0.051; n=134).
Incorrect reagents were obtained from the reagent manufacturer in the case of Direct enzymatic. This can explain the results obtained. Hemoglobin A1c should also be investigated with more extensive test materials for possible standardization in the routine of KKTM in Västerås.
|Date of Award||2018-Feb-08|
|Supervisor||Bodil Hernroth, (Supervisor), Johan Skogö (Supervisor) & Ann-Sofi Rehnstam-Holm (Examiner)|
- Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Laboratory Science
- 15 HE credits
Swedish Standard Keywords
- Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology (30402)
- enzymatic assay method
- immunological assay method
- diabetes mellitus
- hplc assay method