Hur gör lärare i grundsärskolan elever delaktiga i sin lärprocess?
- "man vet att det ska göras men inte hur, eller man vet kanske hur också, men gör det inte"

  • Åsa Trydell Johnsson
  • Margareta Linde

Student thesis: Professional degree, Advanced level


As a teacher in Compulsory school for children with intellectual disabilities and as a future special teacher, it is a challenge to make all students involved in their learning and their learning process and to give the students influence over their education. Making the knowledge goals visible so it becomes meaningful and understandable is a current issue in the work with special school students.

The purpose of the study is to contribute with knowledge about teaching in Compulsory school for children with intellectual disabilities by studying some special teachers' experiences of the students' learning process and goal fulfillment. Our question statements are what factors affect students' goal fulfillment? How do teachers make knowledge goals visible to students? How do teachers get students involved in their learning process?

The study has a phenomenological approach, qualitative methods were used through observations and interviews. The study is analyzed from a salutogenic perspective and as a theory, SOC, Sense of Coherence has been used (Antonovsky, 2005). In a teaching context, SOC is about the student feeling comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness in their learning process and learning.

The results of the study show that clarity when it comes to making goals visible and making students involved in their learning processes is a success factor. As a teacher, being affirmative, encouraging and getting students active are also factors that have a positive effect. The teachers visualize the goals in different ways, but it has not emerged that they consistently use any specific model or method and whether the visualized goals are comprehensible and manageable. Several of the teachers says in the interviews that they want a system or a model to use to get the students more involved in their learning process and in their knowledge goals.

Date of Award2021-Aug-09
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorKerstin Ahlqvist (Supervisor) & Daniel Östlund (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Special Education Teacher Programme

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Pedagogical Work (50304)


  • compulsory school for children with intellectual disabilities
  • learning process
  • making goals visible
  • participation
  • soc

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