IFRS i svenska onoterade koncernbolag
: vilka faktorer förklarar den frivilliga tillämpningen?

  • Annika Johansson
  • Karoline Karlsson

    Student thesis: Bachelor

    Abstract

    Since 2005 it is mandatory for all companies that have shares or other securities listed on a stock exchange within the EU to prepare their consolidated accounts in accordance with IFRS. This decision was taken by the European Parliament and the Council to get a better comparability regarding the accounting in different countries and for companies to have equal access to the global capital markets. It is mainly because of the increased internationalization that a common accounting standard has been created to harmonize different countries’ accounting. 

    For unlisted companies that do not need to use IFRS, there is the possibility to voluntarily apply the international accounting standards instead of national accounting rules. The purpose of this study is therefore to investigate the factors that explain voluntary application of IFRS in Swedish unlisted companies. The study focuses on the organizational factors regarding conditions in the firms and environmental factors which include the firms’ external environment. Based on Positive accounting theory and Institutional theory hypotheses have been formulated which are then tested statistically to compare companies that apply international accounting standards with companies that use national accounting rules. In this way relationships between various factors and voluntary application of IFRS can be investigated. 

    For the performance of the study a quantitative method has been applied. By a document study where annual reports have been reviewed, it has been possible to collect data for the companies that then were used for the statistical analysis. The result of the investigation shows that the factors bonus for CEO linked to the company’s profit, foreign ownership, foreign revenues, size and the choice of auditing firm within the ”big four” explain and have a connection with the voluntary application of IFRS in Swedish unlisted group companies.

    Date of Award2013-Jul-12
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorEva Lövstål (Supervisor) & Timurs Umans (Examiner)

    Educational program

    • Degree of Bachelor of Science in Business and Economics

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Economics and Business (502)

    Keywords

    • ifrs
    • factors
    • swedish unlisted companies
    • voluntary application

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