Insjuknande och vårdförlopp vid hjärtinfarkt
: ett genusperspektiv

Translated title of the thesis: Onset, treatment and care processes in cases of myocardial infarction: a gender perspective
  • Sanna Bäck Reimerthi
  • Sandra Svensson

    Student thesis: Bachelor

    Abstract

    Background: Cardio-vascular diseases are the main cause of death for both men and women in Sweden. Although as many women as men are diagnosed there are large differences in onset and treatment. Aim: The aim was to describe similarities and differences in onset, treatment and care of myocardial infarction from a gender perspective. Method: The study was performed as a literature study. Twelve articles that matched the aim for this study were chosen. The articles were analyzed according to the Red Cross analysis model. Result: The majority of the articles pointed out differences in indications for men and women who suffered a myocardial infarction. Men sought medical assistance at an earlier stage. Three studies, however, indicated that there were no gender differences in indications. Our study shows that men and women do not receive the same treatment. Discussion: Differences in indications, ignorance concerning symptoms in both patients and in nursing staff, and also preconceived ideas about male and female behaviour were elements that contributed to differences in treatment. The nursing staff generally need enhanced awareness of how gender affects care. Conclusion: More studies will be needed to ensure that both genders receive evidence-based care.

    Date of Award2012-Jun-26
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorLena Wierup (Supervisor) & Ann-Christin Janlöv (Examiner)

    Educational program

    • Study Programme in Nursing

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Nursing (30305)

    Keywords

    • coronary
    • myocardial infarction
    • heart attack
    • gender
    • indications
    • onset
    • symptoms
    • treatment
    • care

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