Laborativt material
: En kvalitativ studie om lärares erfarenheter och förhållningssätt

Translated title of the thesis: Manipulative: A qualitative study of teachers' experiences and attitudes
  • Hanna Frithiof
  • Pernilla Lönnquist
  • Therese Mildaeus

Student thesis: Professional degree, Advanced level


Research shows the importance of the use of manipulatives in the teaching of mathematics to make visible and create an understanding of abstract mathematics. Studies indicate that it’s more efficient to use concrete manipulatives in teaching mathematics than just using abstract symbols. There are however research that suggest that manipulatives are more of a hindrance than an aid as a tool for teaching. This study’s purpose is to investigate what experiences and approaches mathematics teachers have regarding manipulatives. The study deals with how mathematics teachers approach manipulatives and what possibilities and challenges that could arise before and during teaching. But also the prerequisites existing in their workplace for working with manipulatives. This qualitative study consists of twelve semi structured interviews with mathematics teachers in grades 1 to 9. The results show that the teachers have a positive view of manipulatives and that working with them is to the students benefit but that the prerequisites differ between the different grades. It’s also discerned that the biggest challenge teachers currently face is time constraints. It’s shown in the conclusion that while the teachers believe in using manipulatives, the majority feels that they lack sufficient knowledge on where to find and how to use the proper material. It’s clearly shown in both the reference books and in the conducted interviews that further competency learning in the subject is needed. Special education teachers in math have an important role when it comes to their peers' further competency learning regarding manipulatives. It's about giving advice and support to the math teachers as they further develop their understanding of the subject, so that they can highlight the mathematic part of the material with the help of manipulatives.
Date of Award2023-Jun
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorSarah Rangstrand Hjort (Supervisor), Cecilia Segerby (Assessor) & Helena Sjunnesson (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Special Education Teacher Programme

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Pedagogical Work (50304)

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