Motivation till livsstilsförändringar för patienter med diabetes typ 2

Translated title of the thesis: Motivation to make lifestyle changes for patients with type 2 diabetes
  • Lisa Jakobsson
  • Mirela Mesic

    Student thesis: Bachelor

    Abstract

    Background: Changes in our lifestyle have resulted in a global epidemic of the type 2 diabetes. Essential issues for the diabetes care are to try to change the behaviour as well as motivate patients with type 2 diabetes. Aim: To describe different approaches for nurses to motivate patients with type 2 diabetes to lifestyle changes. Method: A literature review based on 13 articles, found through the database CINAHL and PubMed and through manual search, has been analyzed and quality assessed. Results: Patients with type 2 diabetes can be motivated to lifestyle changes through individual education, group education as well as through motivational interviewing (MI). In the individual education it’s important to have a personal adapted conversation. MI resulted in changes in the patients’ behaviour, but no effects have been shown on HbA1c, which is the long-term blood glucose level. Results show that the motivation increased in the group education, due to the support from other group members, and which resulted in good choices of lifestyle. Conclusion: Group education should be adopted by nurses as a method to work with motivation of patients with type 2 diabetes in order to lifestyle changes. Individual education can as well be used if the focus lies on personal adapted conversations, but however, more research is needed on the method MI.

    Date of Award2010-Aug-10
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorEwa Angsmo (Supervisor)

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Nursing (30305)

    Keywords

    • diabetes type 2
    • motivation
    • lifestyle
    • prevention
    • education

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