The main goal of this study was to find out if there is an individual difference in how listening to preferred music with headphones has an effect on the ability to concentrate on independent tasks among students in high school. Two classes from the social science program were asked and 52 students between 18 and 20 years of age participated. The students did the same reading comprehension test twice with limited time, once with music and once without. The students chose their own preferred music and they listened with earphones on their mobile phones. Before the test 31 students reported that the music had a positive effect on their concentration and 21 reported a negative effect. A quasi experimental within-group design was the model used for the study and a counterbalance of the groups was made to avoid order effects. The hypothesis of the study was that students who preferred working with music also benefited from doing so. The results were analyzed in a repeated measures ANOVA. There was no evidence found to back up the hypothesis, but on the other hand there was no evidence for the opposite either. The students obtained the same result with or without the music.
- Self Selected
- High school students