The management ideas, summarized under the name New Public Management, have, during the last decades, attached itself in the management of the public sector. This has enabled the creation of hybrid organizations. Hybrid organizations are, in this paper, defined as organizations that exist in the spectrum between public and private organizations. This spectrum is here defined as the "degree of publicness" in hybrid organizations. Organizations with a higher degree of publicness are characterized by traits that are often associated with the public sector, while organizations with a lower degree of publicness are characterized by traits essentially associated with the private sector. Based on existing theory, internal and external factors were identified and used in the classification of a hybrid organization’s degree of publicness. The New Public Management allowed organizations in the public sector to decentralize the bureaucratic and hierarchical structures, which fostered the development of entrepreneurship within this sector.
The aim of this paper is to explain how the degree of publicness in a hybrid organization affects its entrepreneurship. This has been examined in Swedish municipal companies, which can be defined as hybrid organizations. We consider this to be interesting since we, in existing research, could not find that any consideration to how the degree of publicness affects the organization’s entrepreneurship had been taken. In order to examine the relationship between the degree of publicness and entrepreneurship we have used a positivist research philosophy, a deductive research approach, an explanatory research strategy and quantitative method. Based on the theory, hypotheses were formulated.
Our empirical study is based on a survey which was sent out to 736 municipal companies. The survey generated 236 responses and proceeded from these answers our hypotheses were tested. The conclusions that we have been able to draw from our analysis of the collected material is that the degree of publicness has an impact on entrepreneurship and that some of the presented internal/external factors have influence on the determination of the degree of publicness. A higher degree of publicness, in a municipal company, leads to a less entrepreneurial organization.
|Date of Award||2012-Aug-30|
|Supervisor||Elin Smith (Supervisor) & Pernilla Broberg (Examiner)|
- Degree of Bachelor of Science in Business and Economics
- 15 HE credits
Swedish Standard Keywords
- Business Administration (50202)