Participative Leadership and Employee Innovative Behaviour
: Moderated by pro-active and risk-taking work climate

  • Sam Beekwilder
  • Jacobus Johannes Endlich

    Student thesis: Master, one year


    Innovation is crucial for the long-term survival of MNEs. Especially, in small nations like the Netherlands, innovation is important to be competitive in the international market. The innovative capacity of MNEs dependents on each employee’s ability to act in an innovative type of way, which makes it essential to enhance employee innovative behaviour. A participative leadership style is one way of enhancing employee innovative behaviour. This relationship could be strengthened by different work climates. This thesis investigates a pro-active and risk-taking work climate because those climates have similar characteristics as a participative leadership style.

    The purpose of this thesis is to explain the relationship between participative leadership and employee innovative behaviour, and how this relationship is contingent on a risk-taking and pro-active work climate in the context of Dutch MNEs. The research is done through a quantitative method by sending a survey to five Dutch MNEs, active in different branches.

    The results show a positive significant relationship between participative leadership and employee innovative behaviour, and a positive significant moderating effect of a pro-active work climate on this relationship. Besides, only when certain departments are selected, a positive significant moderating effect of a risk-taking work climate is found.

    This thesis contributes to the literature by showing a positive significant direct effect of participative leadership on employee innovative behaviour. Moreover, this thesis investigated a pro-active and risk- taking work climate as moderating variables on this relationship which has not been done before.

    Date of Award2019-Jul-05
    Original languageEnglish
    SupervisorTimurs Umans (Supervisor) & Jens Hultman (Examiner)

    Educational program

    • MSc in Business Administration specialising in International Business and Marketing

    Courses and Subjects

    • International business and marketing

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Business Administration (50202)


    • participative leadership
    • employee innovative behaviour
    • pro-active work climate
    • risk-taking work climate
    • dutch
    • mne

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