Sambandet mellan hjärnans funktioner och inlärning hos elever med ADHD och AST
: Ett försök att generera teori ur en litteraturstudie

Translated title of the thesis: The connection between brainfunctions and learning for students with ADHD and ASD: An attempt to generate theory from a literature study
  • Maria Senbom
  • Ann-Sofi Persson

Student thesis: Professional degree, Advanced level

Abstract

The purpose of this literature study is an attempt to generate theory for how the special education can benefit from the research results regarding how the brain's functions work in connection with learning in ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and/or autism spectrum disorder (AST). The method chosen for this study is a qualitative literature study, where the results have been analyzed according to Grounded Theory. We have taken part of relevant research and literature regarding brain functions and the educational field for individuals with ADHD and ASD aged 6-16 years. The result regarding brain functions shows that the basis for ADHD and ASD is biologically determined, but the diagnoses should still not be defined as a disease but as a functional variation. The result regarding the pedagogical implications shows in several possible ways how to adapt the teaching and learning to support and help these students. The literature describes in part how they detect links between brain functions and the difficulties that students with ADHD and ASD may face in the school environment. Many similarities emerge in the literature regarding the implications proposed for students with ADHD and ASD and they benefit from similar efforts, but in different ways. The conclusions of the results regarding brain function of individuals with ADHD and ASD reveal that they have abnormalities in the brain's functions and its nervous system and are due to biological causes. The conclusions of the pedagogical implications apply to the overall areas within the environment, visual aids, structure, teacher’s response, and tasks. Through the analysis, we also see a connection between the different functions in the brain of students with ADHD and ASD and which methods are proposed to be most favorable for acquiring knowledge.

Date of Award2021-Jun-22
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorJohanna Lüddeckens (Supervisor) & Daniel Östlund (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Special Education Programme

Courses and Subjects

  • Education

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Pedagogical Work (50304)
  • Pedagogy (50301)
  • Learning (50303)

Keywords

  • adhd
  • asd
  • brain functions
  • learning
  • pedagogical implications

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