Samtalet mellan distriktssköterskan och patienten med nyligen upptäckt essentiell hypertoni
: En kvalitativ intervjustudie

Translated title of the thesis: The conversation between the district nurse and the patient with newly detected essential hypertension: A qualitative interview study
  • Eva Ballovarre

    Student thesis: Master, one year


    Hypertension related to lifestyle factors is an increasing problem in Sweden and according to current guidelines should changes in lifestyle associated with these factors be highly prioritized in the treatment of hypertension. District nurse's work with patients with the diagnosis of hypertension includes checking blood pressure and giving advice in lifestyle changes that can reduce the blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to describe the conversation with the patient with newly discovered essential hypertension as it was experienced by the district nurse. The study has a qualitative approach and was conducted with qualitative, semi-structured interviews with seven district nurses. The analysis of the collected data material was done with a content analysis including both the manifest and latent content and resulted in three main categories; alternate between different functions, create confidence in the relationship with the patient and adapt the conversation to the patients needs. The results showed that the district nurses in the conversation with the patient with hypertension were striving to create a trusting relationship and in this relationship provide lifestyle-related healthcare to the patient. In the conversation the district nurse alternated between various functions such as acting as a catalyst and express messages. She tried to ensure the patient's needs. Sometimes dilemmas arose when the district nurse had to prioritise between topics which were important for lifestyle changes, but could be considered as offensive to the patient. Thereby she prevented negative effects that could impact on the relationship. The conclusion of the result was that the conversation and thus the care of patients with hypertension differed depending on which district nurse the patient came to.

    Date of Award2010-Sep-28
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorKerstin Samarasinghe (Supervisor)

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Nursing (30305)


    • district nurse
    • hypertension
    • conversation
    • lifestyle
    • qualitative

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