Sexism i Sumpmarken
: Kvinnlig Karaktärisering i Seamus Heaneys ”Bog Queen” och ”Punishment”

Translated title of the thesis: Misogyny in the Marshlands: female Characterization in Seamus Heaney’s “Bog Queen” and “Punishment”
  • Olivia Signe Afrodite Gränglid

    Student thesis: Bachelor


    This essay argues that the depiction of women in Seamus Heaney’s poems “Bog Queen” and “Punishment” results from the male gaze in three ways: the narrative viewpoint, stereotypical characterization, and the objectification of the female body. The following essay analyses the poems through an ecofeminist perspective that enables examination of the female characters as personifications of nature – “Bog Queen” as Mother Earth and the victim of “Punishment” as Nerthus, the fertility goddess. The analysis explores three areas; historical context, ‘The Feminine Principle,’ and Nussbaum’s list of ‘Feminist Perspectives on Objectification’ to answer how the male gaze is present in the three aspects. The male gaze is argued to be attributed to an androcentric narrative that presents a man and country’s sense of revenge, stereotypes that are totems of the male fantasy, and dehumanizing sexual objectification that enables appreciation of the dead bodies of women. 

    Date of Award2021-Jun-30
    Original languageSwedish
    SupervisorMaria Freij (Supervisor) & Lena Ahlin (Examiner)

    University credits

    • 15 HE credits

    Swedish Standard Keywords

    • Humanities and the Arts (6)


    • the male gaze
    • stereotypical characterization
    • sexual objectification
    • ecofeminism
    • seamus heaney
    • bog-poems

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