Självskattad hälsa och kroppsbildsuppfattning
: - En kvantitativ studie av gymnasieungdomar

Translated title of the thesis: Self-estimated health and body image: - A quantitative study on high school students
  • Solita Palén

Student thesis: Bachelor


Background: Previous research in the subject body image has largely been based on a pathogenic perspective. The focus has been on eliminating causes of a negative body image, instead of trying to understand how factors that contribute to a positive body image can be promoted, which furthermore leads to health promoting behaviors. In contrast to previous research, the purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate whether there was a correlation between high school students' self-estimated health and body image from a salutogenic perspective. The study's method has been based on a quantitative survey that consisted of the validated measuring instruments Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) and Body appreciation scale 2 (BAS-2). SHIS measures health from a salutogenic perspective, while BAS-2 is used to measure an individual's body appreciation from a positive perspective, which is a significant part of an individual's body image. The study's results showed a positive correlation (r = 0.468) p = 0.001 between self-estimated health and body appreciation. Girls estimated their health significantly higher than boys (p = 0.003), with 95% certainty (CI = 1.590-7.853) and had a higher body appreciation than boys at a significant level (p = 0.001, 95% CI = 2,845-8,062). Conclusion: further research should study the subjective health in relation to body image from a salutogenic perspective, in order to generate knowledge regarding which factors that causes a correlation between health and body image.

Date of Award2019-Jul-05
Original languageSwedish
SupervisorAtika Khalaf (Supervisor) & Marie Nilsson (Examiner)

Educational program

  • Study Programme in Health Promotion and Education

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology (30302)


  • self-estimated health
  • body image
  • salutogenesis
  • health promotion
  • adolescents

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