Storage System for Harvested Energy in IoT Sensors

  • Saif Alhuttaitawi

Student thesis: Bachelor


This work presents an energy system design for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) after applying our design the WSN should theoretically have an infinite lifetime. Energy harvesting sources can provide suitable energy for WSN nodes and reduce their dependence on battery. In this project, an efficient energy harvesting and storage system is proposed. By using (two supercapacitors and four DC/DC converters with step up /step down capabilities) all of them controlled by Microcontroller via switches to consider the best way to save energy to keep the WSN alive as long as possible. The usage of supercapacitors as an energy buffer to supply the sensor components (microcontroller and radio) with energy it needs to work. We could control the energy flow according to a specific voltage levels in supercapacitors to guaranty the full functionality for WSN with minimizing the loss of energy, and that’s leads to long time life for the wireless sensor node WSN. Another important thing we find in our experiment that is the inner leakage of the supercapacitor and how it has a critical effect on how long it can serve our system with energy. This paper contains on two theoretical sections (Part one and part two) which are based on literature reviews, and one experimental section (Part three) based on experimental building the prototype, coding and testing.

Date of Award2018-Jun-29
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorLars Jönsson (Supervisor), Magnus Abrahamsson (Supervisor) & Fredrik Frisk (Examiner)

Educational program

  • International programme in Computer Science and Engineering

University credits

  • 15 HE credits

Swedish Standard Keywords

  • Computer Systems (20206)


  • renewable energy
  • power management
  • energy harvesting
  • energy storage
  • super capacitor

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