Adherence to dietary guidelines, and the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis-results from a nested case-control study

Rebecka Bäcklund, Isabel Drake, Ulf Bergström, Michele Compagno, Emily Sonestedt, Carl Turesson

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review


OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation between adherence to dietary guidelines and the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS: Participants in the Malmö Diet and Cancer study (MDCS) cohort diagnosed with RA were identified through register linkage and validated in a structured review. Four controls per case were selected, matched for sex, year of birth, and year of inclusion in the MDCS. Diet was assessed at baseline (1991-1996) using a validated diet history method. A Diet Quality Index (DQI) based on adherence to the Swedish dietary guidelines including intakes of fibre, vegetables and fruits, fish and shellfish, saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, and sucrose, was used. The associations between the DQI and its components and the risk of RA were assessed using conditional logistic regression analysis, adjusting for total energy intake, smoking, leisure time physical activity and alcohol consumption.

RESULTS: We identified 172 validated cases of incident RA in the cohort. Overall adherence to the dietary guidelines was not associated with the risk of RA. Adherence to recommended fibre intake was associated with decreased risk of RA in crude and multivariable-adjusted analyses, with odds ratios (ORs) 0.60 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.39-0.93), and 0.51 (95% CI 0.29-0.90), respectively, compared with subjects with non-adherence.

CONCLUSIONS: Reaching the recommended intake level of dietary fibre, but not overall diet quality, was independently associated with decreased risk of RA. Further studies are needed to assess the role of different food sources of dietary fibre in relation to risk of RA and the underlying mechanisms.

TidskriftRheumatology (Oxford, England)
StatusE-pub före tryck - 2023-maj-15
Externt publiceradJa

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