Assessment of periodontal conditions and systemic disease in older subjects. II. Focus on cardiovascular diseases.

Rigmor E Persson, L G Hollender, V L Powell, M MacEntee, C C L Wyatt, H A Kiyak, G. Rutger Persson

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review

72 Citeringar (Scopus)

Sammanfattning

BACKGROUND: Panoramic radiographs (PMX)s may provide information about systemic health conditions.

AIMS: i). To study clinical periodontal conditions and collect self-reported health status in a cohort of 1084 older subjects; ii). to study signs of alveolar bone loss and carotid calcification from panoramic radiographs obtained from these subjects; and iii). to study associations between study parameters.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: PMXs from 1064 adults aged 60-75 (mean age 67.6, SD +/- 4.7) were studied. Signs of alveolar bone loss, vertical defects, and molar furcation radiolucencies defined periodontal status. Medical health histories were obtained via self-reports. Signs of carotid calcification were identified from panoramic radiographs.

RESULTS: The PMX allowed assessment of 53% of the films (Seattle 64.5% and Vancouver 48.4%). A self-reported history of a stroke was reported by 8.1% of men in Seattle and 2.9% of men in Vancouver (P < 0.01). Heart attacks were reported by 12% of men in Seattle and 7.2% in Vancouver (N.S.). PMX evidence of periodontitis was found in 48.5% of the subjects, with carotid calcification in 18.6%. The intraclass correlation score for PMX findings of carotid calcification and stroke was 0.24 (95% CI: 0.10-0.35, P < 0.001). The odds ratio for PMX carotid calcification and periodontitis was 2.1 (95% CI: 1.3-3.2, P < 0.001), and for PMX carotid calcification and stroke 4.2 (95% CI: 1.9-9.1, P < 0.001). The associations disappeared when smoking was accounted for. A history of a heart attack was associated with stroke, gender, age, and PMX scores of alveolar bone loss.

CONCLUSIONS: PMXs may provide valuable information about both oral conditions and signs of carotid calcification, data that are consistent with self-reported health conditions. Alveolar bone loss as assessed from PMXs is associated with cardiovascular diseases.

OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)803-10
Antal sidor793
TidskriftJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volym29
Utgåva9
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2002
Externt publiceradJa

Nationell ämneskategori

  • Odontologi (30216)

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