Caregiving and gingival symptom reports: psychophysiologic mediators.

Peter P Vitaliano, G. Rutger Persson, Asuman Kiyak, Hardeep Saini, Diana Echeverria

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review

19 Citeringar (Scopus)

Sammanfattning

OBJECTIVE: We first assessed the association of caregiving with gingival symptom reports. We then assessed whether the observed relationship was mediated by psychophysiologic host factors.

METHODS: Caregivers of spouses with Alzheimer's disease (n = 123) were compared with demographically similar noncaregiver spouses (n = 117).

RESULTS: The percentage of caregivers (17%) who reported gingival symptoms was twice that of noncaregivers (8.5%) (p < .05), despite the fact that caregivers and noncaregivers did not differ in oral health care. The relationship between caregiving and gingival symptom reports was mediated by psychophysiologic variables. Caregivers were higher on hassles (p < .05), depressed mood (p < .05), and metabolic risk (insulin, glucose, obesity; p < .05) than were noncaregivers. Greater gingival symptom reports were also associated with greater hassles (p < .01), depressed mood (p < .001), and metabolic risk (p < .001). Measures of subcutaneous fat, inflammation, and frank diabetes were related to gingival symptom reports but not to caregiver status.

CONCLUSIONS: A higher percentage of caregivers reported gingival symptoms than noncaregivers. These results have implications for research on aging, psychophysiology, and chronic stress.

OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)930-938
Antal sidor8
TidskriftPsychosomatic Medicine
Volym67
Utgåva6
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2005
Externt publiceradJa

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  • Odontologi (30216)

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