Efficacy of air polishing for the non-surgical treatment of peri-implant diseases: a systematic review

Frank Schwarz, Kathrin Becker, Stefan Renvert

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel, reviewPeer review

    44 Citeringar (Scopus)

    Sammanfattning

    Focused Question: In patients suffering from peri-implant diseases, what is the efficacy of air polishing on changing signs of inflammation compared with control treatments (i.e. alternative measures for plaque removal with or without adjunctive antiseptic and/or antibiotic therapy)? Material & Methods: After electronic database and hand search, 10 full-text articles were independently screened by two reviewers. Finally, a total of five studies (six publications) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The weighted mean difference (WMD) [p; 95% CI] in bleeding on probing-(BOP) (primary outcome) and probing pocket depth-(PD) reductions was estimated using a random effect model. Results: All studies reported on residual BOP scores after therapy. A narrative data synthesis did not reveal any major improvement of bleeding index/BOP or disease resolution following air polishing over mechanical debridement at mucositis sites. At peri-implantitis sites, WMD in BOP reduction between test and control (mechanical debridement with or without local antiseptic therapy, Er:YAG laser) groups was -23.83% [p = 0.048; 95% CI (-47.47, -0.20)] favouring air polishing over control measures. Conclusions: While glycine powder air polishing is as effective as the control treatments at mucositis sites, it may improve the efficacy of non-surgical treatment of peri-implantitis over the control measures investigated. A complete disease resolution was commonly not obtained.

    OriginalspråkEngelska
    Sidor (från-till)951-959
    Antal sidor8
    TidskriftJournal of Clinical Periodontology
    Volym42
    Utgåva10
    DOI
    StatusPublicerad - 2015

    Nationell ämneskategori

    • Odontologi (30216)

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