Enlargement of secretory vesicles by protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP-MEG2 in rat basophilic leukemia mast cells and Jurkat T cells

Xiaodong Wang, Huong Huynh, Anette Gjörloff-Wingren, Edvard Monosov, Mats Stridsberg, Minoru Fukuda, Tomas Mustelin

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review

49 Citeringar (Scopus)

Sammanfattning

Stimulus-induced secretion of bioactive polypeptides is a fundamental aspect of the immune system. Secretory proteins are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum and are transported through the Golgi apparatus to the trans-Golgi network, where they are sorted into transport vesicles that bud off and fuse into condensing vacuoles, which subsequently undergo an editing and concentration process to become mature secretory vesicles. In this study, we report that the PTP-MEG2 protein tyrosine phosphatase is located on these vesicles in mast cells. Expression of PTP-MEG2 caused a striking enlargement of these vesicles in both rat basophilic leukemia mast cells and Jurkat T leukemia cells into giant vesicles with diameters of up to several micrometers. The fused vesicles did not acquire markers for other compartments and were adjacent to the trans-Golgi network, contained carboxypeptidase E, chromogranin C, and IL-2, and had an electron-dense core typical of secretory vesicles. Expression of PTPMEG2 also caused a reduction in the secretion of IL-2 from stimulated Jurkat cells. The effects of PTP-MEG2 on secretory vesicles required the catalytic activity of PTP-MEG2 and was rapidly reversed by pervanadate. We propose that PTP-MEG2 represents a novel connection between tyrosine dephosphorylation and the regulation of secretory vesicles in hematopoietic cells.

OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)4612-4619
Antal sidor8
TidskriftJournal of Immunology
Volym168
Nummer9
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2002-maj-01
Externt publiceradJa

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  • Biologi (106)

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