Objectives: To explore whether aspects of housing and health among very old people with self-reported Parkinson's disease (PD) differ from matched controls.
Methods: Data from the ENABLE-AGE Survey Study were used to identify people with self-reported PD (n = 20) and three matched controls/individual (n = 60). The matching criteria were age (mean = 82 years), sex, country, and type of housing. The analyses targeted problems in activities of daily living, objective and perceived aspects of housing, for example, number of environmental barriers, accessibility (i.e., person-environment fit), and usability.
Results: The number of physical environmental barriers did not differ (P = 0.727) between the samples. The PD sample had more (P < 0.001) accessibility problems than controls and perceived their homes as less (P = 0.003) usable in relation to activities. They were less independent and had more functional limitations (median 5 versus 2; P < 0.001), and 70% experienced loss of stamina or poor balance.
Conclusions: Due to the fact that they have more functional limitations than very old people in general, those with self-reported PD live in housing with more accessibility problems. This explorative study has implications for rehabilitation as well as societal planning, but larger studies including people with a confirmed PD diagnosis are needed.
- Arbetsterapi (30306)