Initial mechanical efficiency of isolated cardiac muscle

C J Barclay, Cecilia Widén, L J Mellors

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26 Citeringar (Scopus)

Sammanfattning

The aim of this study was to determine whether the initial mechanical efficiency (ratio of work output to initial metabolic cost) of isolated cardiac muscle is over 60%, as has been reported previously, or whether it is approximately 30%, as suggested by an estimate based on the well-established net mechanical efficiency (ratio of work output to total, suprabasal energy cost) of 15%. Determination of initial efficiency required separation of the enthalpy output (i.e. heat + work) into initial and recovery components. The former corresponds to energy produced by reactions that use high-energy phosphates and the latter to energy produced in the regeneration of high-energy phosphates. The two components were separated mathematically. Experiments were performed in vitro (30 degrees C) using preparations dissected from rat left ventricular papillary muscles (N=13). Muscle work output and heat production were measured during a series of 40 contractions using a contraction protocol designed to mimic in vivo papillary muscle activity. Net mechanical efficiency was 13.3+/-0.7%. The total enthalpy output was 2.16 times greater than the initial enthalpy output, so that initial mechanical efficiency was 28.1+/-1.2%.

OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)2725-32
Antal sidor2693
TidskriftJournal of Experimental Biology
Volym206
UtgåvaPt 16
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2003
Externt publiceradJa

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  • Fysiologi (30106)

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