Long-term outcome for ADL following the health-promoting RCT: elderly persons in the risk zone

Susanne Gustafsson, Kajsa Eklund, Katarina Wilhelmson, Anna-Karin Edberg, Boo Johansson, Greta Häggblom Kronlöf, Gunilla Gosman-Hedström, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To examine independence in activities of daily living (ADL) at the 1- and 2-year follow-ups of the health-promoting study Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone.

Design and Method: A randomized, three-armed, single-blind, and controlled study. A representative sample of 459 independent and community-dwelling older adults, 80 years and older, were included. A preventive home visit was compared with four weekly multiprofessional senior group meetings including a follow-up home visit.

Results: Analysis showed a significant difference in favor of the senior meetings in postponing dependence in ADL at the 1-year follow-up (odds ratio [OR] = 1.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.19–3.10) and also in reducing dependence in three (OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.31–0.86) and four or more ADL (OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.22–0.72) at the 2-year follow-up. A preventive home visit reduced dependence in two (OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.24–0.68) and three or more ADL (OR = 0.37, 95% CI = 0.17–0.80) after 1 year.

Implications: A long-term evaluation of Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone showed that both senior meetings and a preventive home visit reduced the extent of dependence in ADL after 1 year. The senior meetings were superior to a preventive home visit since additional significant effects were seen after 2 years. To further enhance the long-term effects of the senior meetings and support the process of self-change in health behavior, it is suggested that booster sessions might be a good way of reinforcing the intervention.

OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)654-663
Antal sidor9
TidskriftThe Gerontologist
Volym53
Utgåva4
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2013

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  • Övrig annan medicin och hälsovetenskap (30599)

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