Mitochondrial DNAs from nine male fertile and eight cytoplasmic male sterile (cms) accessions of wild and cultivated Beta beets were investigated for the presence of low molecular weight DNA molecules. Five different supercoiled DNA molecules were detected, varying in size from 1.33 to 1.63 kb. Southern hybridizations revealed multimeric forms and sequence homologies between the minicircles. The occurrence of the different minicircles among the 17 accessions was investigated by agarose gel electrophoresis and Southern hybridization using minicircle specific probes. The 1.33 and 1.63 kb minicircles were found in most accessions, the other three minicircles were found in one or two of the wild Beta beet accessions. The presence of a low number of small, more or less homologous, minicircles in all investigated plants makes these molecules a general characteristic of Beta mtDNA. No association is found between the presence or absence of specific minicircles and the expression of male sterility. Neither does the distribution of the different minicircles in Beta beets indicate any essential biological role of these minicircles.
- Genetik (10609)